Three General Classifications of Hardwood Floors


Most hardwood flooring nowadays is built from American hardwoods, like white oak, cherry, or hickory, or the newer exotic hardwoods, such as Brazilian Cheery, Ipe, Tigerwood and so on. In general, however, there three common types of hardwood flooring are available – solid, engineered and longstrip.

Solid Hardwood Flooring

A single piece of wood with tongue and groove sides makes up traditional solid hardwood floors. Most are made unfinished, but there are many pre-finished 3/4-inch solid hardwood floors. But they can be refinished and recoated over and over throughout their lifespan — around decades or even longer.

Since it’s an natural product, Hardwood Floor Installation Quote can contract or expand, depending on moisture changes from season to season. When the outside gets cold and the inside gets hot, the wood can contract, causing gaps in between planks.

As summer comes and increases humidity, wood floors expand and those gaps begin to disappear magically! With too much moisture, the planks can cup or buckle, which isn’t so great.

Solid Oak Flooring

Solid unfinished wood floors are often made of oak. There are plenty of qualities for your choosing — be careful what you buy. Clear oak is like a flawless diamond – no blemishes or knots – and thus can be very pricey. You can manage the cost by choosing select oak or better oak, which has tiny visible knots and perhaps a little dark graining, plus some character!

Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Engineered wood flooring can be used in parts of the home in which solid hardwood is not advised. They are made with  3 or more plies or thin sheets of wood, arranged in opposite directions to each other (cross-ply construction), before being laminated together, forming one plank.

The cross-ply approach creates dimensionally safe hardwood floor that is not affected by moisture and temperature changes, owing to the counteraction of the wood plies that prohibit the shrinkage or expansion of the plank.

Another advantage of engineered hardwood is versatility. It goes great practically everywhere, including in your basement or over sub-floors and concrete slabs

Longstrip Hardwood Flooring

Longstrip hardwood floors are actually engineered floors, but the top, finish layer is made up of many thinner wood plies that are glued together, making a single plank. At the core of a longstrip plank is often a softer wood material and is used for making the tongue and groove.

The top layer may be practically any hardwood specie and is composed of many individual pieces which are often laid in two or three rows. Commercial and Residential Carpeting can be used on any grade level and over many different types of subfloors.